The Central Government
The Articles of Confederation and the Constitution are both alike
and different in some ways. Let's start out with the similarities. Firstly,
both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution have a Legislative
Branch of Government and a Congress. Secondly, they both made changes to the
government before them. In this, I mean that when the Articles of Confederation
were being written, they used the English Government as a base, and improved
from there. They didn't want the president to be too powerful, like the king.
The Constitution made changes to the Articles of Confederation by making a
stronger government, rather than a weaker one. Thirdly, both governments had
the power to coin money, but the Articles of Confederation didn't use that power.
Now let's get to the differences. For one thing, under the Articles
of Confederation, you must need a unanomous vote under all states to make an
amendment, while in the Constitution, you only needed a majority of two
thirds of the Senate and the House of Representatives to pass it. For another,
under the Articles of Confederation, each state in congress had only one vote,
while under the constitution, the states had two votes in the senate, (where
every state is equal) and one vote per representative in the house of
representatives (where the states had representatives according to population).
And for the last thing, under the Constitution, the government could regulate
trade, make laws, and the states were more like one firm union of states.
Under the Articles of Confederation, it was competely the opposite.